Paises De Latinoamerica Que Es Legal El Aborto

Paises De Latinoamerica Que Es Legal El Aborto

Paises De Latinoamerica Que Es Legal El Aborto 150 150 ediadmin

The South American benchmark is Uruguay, where since 2013, women can have voluntary abortions in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy and up to 14 weeks in cases of rape. Before the law, there were an estimated 33,000 clandestine abortions per year ±; Seven years later©, there are about 10±000 produced under the terms of the current regulations. Its implementation has significantly reduced deaths: only one woman has since died from surgical complications during a legal abortion. The story of the Ecuadorian norma is another, which has reached the highest American human rights court. At the age ± 12, she was raped by her biological father and became pregnant. Her brother filed a criminal complaint against the attacker, but the authorities did nothing and he was denied access to an abortion. Desperate, Norma attempted suicide and despite the obvious effects of pregnancy on her mental health, she received no psychological support. Norma has failed to obtain justice for the crimes committed against her or for the human rights violations she suffered. Aura, Beatriz and Norma are fictitious names. Opposing abortion remains dangerous in a region where it is associated with crime. Mexico is one of five Latin American countries, along with Argentina, Colombia, Cuba and Uruguay, to include abortion rights in its legislation. The others allow it under a number of circumstances, and five others prohibit it in all circumstances.

Hidden abortions in Madrid: There are public hospitals that perform abortions but are not notified Although five Latin American countries are considering an absolute ban on abortion in their penal codes, others are taking steps towards its legalization. In Colombia, girls and adolescent girls are ± the population group that suffers the most sexual abuse, ending in unwanted and life-threatening pregnancy. In 2019, 73% of the 26,158 cases of alleged sexual violence investigated by the authorities had ± a child or adolescent ± aged 0-17. They are also©the ones who suffer the most from harassment in the criminal justice system. According to the Round Table for Women`s Life and Health, complaints about abortions of minors account for 12.5 per cent of the total number of cases reviewed and©24 per cent of the total number of convictions. In addition to the question of whether the life of the pregnant person is in danger, Bolivia (art. 266), Brazil (art. 128), Chile (abortion law) and Panama (art.

144) allow abortion if the pregnancy is the result of rape or if the life of the fetus is not viable. Ecuador limits the right to abortion in cases of rape only to persons with intellectual disabilities (art. 150) and does not include the right to do so because of the unviability of the life of the foetus. Nevertheless, five Latin American countries prohibit abortion in all circumstances. These are El Salvador (art. 133), Haiti (art. 262), Honduras (arts. 126-132), Nicaragua (art. 143) and the Dominican Republic (arts. 317-318). In September 2021, Mexico`s Supreme Court (SCJN) unanimously declared that the Coahuila law, which criminalizes abortion at the first stage of pregnancy, is unconstitutional, forcing the northern state to amend its penal code. At the same time, maternal mortality is significantly higher in countries in the Region where abortion is more restricted.

This relationship refers both to a direct cause (the use of dangerous procedures mentioned above) and to a context descriptor: systems in which abortion is decriminalized tend to consider it in the context of a comprehensive maternal and child health policy that offers better hygiene conditions to women in general (access to contraceptives, childbirth, ©etc.). Colombia joined this decriminalization on February 21, 2022, after the Constitutional Court ruled that abortion is allowed until the 24th week of pregnancy. That is, up to six months and for anyone over 14 years old. The organization added that in the case of one of these three hypotheses, the inviability of the life of the fetus, the danger to the pregnant woman or the pregnancy due to rape, this limit of 24 weeks is not applicable. Argentina has taken the first step to ensure legal and safe access to abortion with a law passed in late 2020 that states that abortion is allowed if the pregnancy does not exceed 14 weeks. In Colombia, although three cases were criminalized in 2006: rape, foetal malformations incompatible with life outside the womb and danger to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman, are prosecuted by the judicial system. People living in rural areas and girls are ± most affected. Now there seems to be hope.

The Constitutional Court is investigating a lawsuit to declare unconstitutional an article of the penal code that makes abortion a crime. The petition, promoted by the Just Cause movement, does not aim to stop being regulated, but to be regulated from the point of view of health and not prison. “Abortion as a crime creates a stigma that becomes an obstacle, even in cases where it is allowed,” says Catalina Martãnez Coral, director for Latin America©and the Caribbean at the Center for Reproductive Rights. In Mexico, each state has its own abortion legislation. Restrictions vary from state to state, although all are legal in cases of rape. Colombia joined Argentina, Uruguay and Cuba in 2022 as the only Latin American countries to allow legal abortion at the request of a pregnant woman. Uruguayan law sets a limit for the 12th week of pregnancy, as does Cuban law. Argentina, meanwhile, sets the limit at 14 weeks. On the road to decriminalizing abortion, Mexico©has just taken a leap forward. Last month, the Supreme Court decriminalized abortion in Coahuila. The decision was hailed as an important milestone in the reproductive rights of Mexican women, although it has no impact on the rest of the country, where it is still necessary to allocate legal resources to access the procedure. In 28 of the 32 states, abortion remains criminalized.

“It`s a `semi-decriminalization` because the court`s decision says that criminalizing abortion is unconstitutional, but abortion does not go beyond state penal codes,” Frin±Ã© Salguero, director of the Simone de Beauvoir Leadership Institute in Mexico©, told the newspaper last month. Colombia decriminalizes abortion up to 24th week of pregnancy Latin America©calls for the decriminalization of abortion, while women risk unsafe procedures. Colombia is the country closest to hope in Argentina and Mexico©, but although at least four of the nine judges on the Constitutional Court are in favor of protecting women by declaring abortion unconstitutional a crime, if the final decision leaves the legislation in the hands of Congress, it will be. So far, this is only a symbolic achievement. In the hands of senators whose priority is not women, it may take some time before the move materializes. The Center for Reproductive Rights, a nonprofit organization in the United States, counts countries where abortion is legal, allowed only in certain circumstances, and completely illegal. Here`s a snapshot of the situation that updates the U.S. status since Friday`s decision. The most frequently repeated hypothesis for performing an abortion is when the woman`s life is in danger. This is reflected in the criminal codes of Costa Rica (art. 121), Guatemala (art.

137), Paraguay (art. 352), Peru (art. 119) or Venezuela (art. 435). Abortion laws vary widely around the world: in some countries it is a personal decision, in others it is completely illegal, and in many countries abortion is only accepted in certain situations, such as fetal malformations or rape cases. The positive vote in Argentina`s House of Representatives comes two years after a similar bill was rejected in that country`s Senate, ± that, although pioneering laws such as same-sex marriage or gender identity©, involves ©a century-old regulation of abortion. Since 1921, it has been legal to terminate a pregnancy in cases of rape or danger to the life of the mother, but in all other circumstances it is considered a crime punishable by up to ± up to four years in prison. But in other countries, such as El Salvador, such reforms seem distant.

The representations of the cryptocurrencies Bitcoin, Ethereum, DogeCoin, Ripple, Litecoin are placed on the motherboard of the PC in this figure from June 29, 2021. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration Russia recently signed a new cryptocurrency law that, although on the verge of banning cryptocurrencies before, still imposes strict restrictions on its use as a monetary currency. This followed an earlier regulatory filing that essentially described all cryptocurrency-related activities as criminal and put them through the lens of anti-money laundering regulations. Moscow has announced plans to establish a central bank digital currency, but until recently it advised against using private cryptocurrencies. As of January 1, 2021, cryptocurrencies will be allowed in Russia, although they cannot be used in exchange for goods or services. There may be more regulation in the next few sessions, but from now on, it seems that Russians can mine cryptocurrencies, exchange cryptocurrencies for other cryptocurrencies, and own cryptocurrencies without any legal problems – as long as they don`t spend them on other goods and services within the national economy. Manturov was asked at a forum if he believed cryptocurrencies would become legal as a means of payment. In addition, natural and legal persons authorized to use digital currencies are required to inform the tax authorities of such a right, the turnover of their accounts and balances in cases where the amount of transactions exceeds the equivalent of 600,000 rubles (about 7,800 US dollars) in a calendar year. Failure to inform the authorities will be punishable by a fine of 50,000 rubles (about 670 US dollars). Failure to provide data on cryptocurrency transactions and non-payment of taxes on transactions processed with digital currency will be punishable by a fine of 40% of unpaid taxes. (Art. 129, § 5 para.

8) Russian banks will be allowed to open cryptocurrency exchanges under the supervision of the central bank – and new digital currencies will be able to be issued, but only again, under the control of the central bank. This represents a more liberal stance than some had predicted would be an almost complete ban on cryptocurrency activities in Russia, and shows a more pragmatic stance towards cryptocurrencies and their introduction in Russia. Other central bank officials said last year that they see no place for cryptocurrencies in the Russian financial market, citing threats to financial stability posed by the growing number of crypto transactions. Since January 1 of last year, cryptocurrencies are legal in Russia, but cannot be used to buy goods or services. May 18 (Reuters) – Russia will sooner or later legalize cryptocurrencies as a means of payment, Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov said on Wednesday, hinting that the government and central bank could move closer to settling their differences. After severe sanctions imposed on Russia after its invasion of Ukraine, Reuters reported in May that the Russian central bank intended to allow the use of cryptocurrencies for international payments as part of global trade. Russia intends to issue its own digital ruble, but the government has only recently supported the use of private cryptocurrencies after arguing for years that they could be used in money laundering or to fund terrorism. Among other things, the law has defined digital currency as a digital code used as a means of payment and as a savings instrument (an investment). (Art.

3.) However, residents of the Russian Federation are not allowed to receive digital currencies as a means of payment for goods, work or services. (Art. 14, § 5.) In addition, the law prohibits the dissemination of information on possible settlements in digital currencies; Offer and accept digital currency as a means of payment for goods, work performed or services transferred; or with another payment method in digital currency. According to the law, the digital currency is not legal tender for payments in Russia, and the Russian ruble remains the only official currency unit. (Art. 14, § 7.) In this way, Russia`s digital tools allow a total state of surveillance of digital activity. The new cryptocurrency regulation borrows from a similar approach – a strong centralized government institution (in this case, the Bank of Russia) through which all transactions flow, and a reluctant acceptance of the pragmatic reality that many Russian citizens have embraced and used cryptocurrencies, from the dramatic rise of IcOs hosted in Russia to the Russia-based social media network VK. who is considering his own cryptocurrency. Exchanges should also inform users of the risks associated with investing in crypto.

Investors should pass online tests to ensure that they have sufficient knowledge of cryptocurrencies and the associated risks. Those who pass the test can invest up to 600,000 rubles per year in cryptography; Those who do not are limited to 50,000 rubles. Qualified investors have no limits. However, the governor of the central bank, Elvira Nabiullina, said that the bank could not welcome investments in cryptocurrencies, which represent transactions worth about $5 billion a year by the Russians, and proposed to ban trade and mining. Manturov said that regulations for the use of cryptocurrencies will be formulated mainly by the central bank and then by the government. While the use of cryptocurrencies and crypto tokens has increased in the country, the Government of the Russian Federation has held discussions on how to legally define these products, integrate them into the legal system and establish the procedures for their taxation. On July 31, 2020, the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin signed Federal Law No. 259-FZ on Digital Financial Assets and Digital Currencies. This law governs relations with the issuance, registration and distribution of digital financial assets (DFAs). (Federal Law No. 259-FZ, Art. 1, §§ 1, 2 & 3.) The bill treats crypto as an investment tool, not as legal tender, and states that cryptocurrencies cannot be used to pay for goods and services.

It also specifies the requirements for cryptocurrency exchanges and OTC offices that must meet certain criteria in order to obtain a license and be included in a dedicated government registry. Foreign crypto exchanges must register legal entities in Russia in order to provide services in the country. The Russian Ministry of Finance is continuing its plan to regulate cryptocurrencies in the country and has submitted a draft law to Parliament. According to a press release issued on Monday, the bill was introduced on February 18. and is based on the previously approved roadmap designed by several government agencies, including key law enforcement agencies. In many ways, the history of cryptocurrencies follows some of Telegram`s themes overcoming censorship through popular adoption. Eventually, government officials began using Telegram to transmit messages themselves, and while Roscomnadzor set up several IP blocks, Telegram engineers worked day and night to ensure that security, privacy, and availability were as guaranteed as possible in the given circumstances.