Pharma Definition French

Pharma Definition French

Pharma Definition French 150 150 ediadmin

If this care process is not formalized, the hospital pharmacy will carry out a pharmaceutical consultation whose management and scope are tailor-made. It is assumed that oncology skills come from experience gained and/or specific training (e.g. university degree in oncology pharmacy, master class, etc.). The pharmaceutical consultation is the subject of a personalized pharmaceutical strategy, which is added to the patient`s file and is made available to the various stakeholders in the care. The SFPO recommends that this location be as close as possible to the location of confidential ambulatory care (consultation and/or day clinic) and/or hospitalization in the same room. An area belonging to the hospital pharmacy is also an option. The hospital pharmacy defines the selection criteria for the implementation and use of the convocation of the pharmaceutical consultation. The pharmaceutical consultation takes place in a specially designed and equipped area (e.g. a consultation room). The SFPO recommends drafting a procedure that formalizes the typical way of a pharmaceutical consultation. Before proceeding with the pharmaceutical consultation, it is of utmost importance to have access to as much information as possible on clinical aspects (e.g. cancer history, comorbidities, nutritional modalities, etc.), therapeutic aspects (e.g.

the latest list of treatments administered), the patient (e.g. lifestyle, dependence, etc.) and his care. The initial pharmaceutical consultation shall include at least: experts; Peer review; pharmaceutical counselling; Recommendations At the end of the pharmaceutical consultation, the patient receives written information (e.g. advice, time of medication, follow-up of the registration booklet, etc.). [29] Oncology pharmaceutical consultations are intended for patients treated with oral therapies including hormone therapy, anticancer cytostatics and targeted therapy drugs. In the multidisciplinary treatment of a patient, the pharmacist specializing in oncology must perform pharmaceutical consultations, which include at least the realization of the drug matching and its analysis. A follow-up pharmaceutical consultation lasts about 20 minutes. It can be replaced by a telephone or remote (e.g. webcast) interview by a pharmacist. [32] As required, a follow-up pharmacy consultation includes: establishment and scope take into account medical support, resources allocated (e.g., number of employees in the pharmaceutical sector), drug tolerability profile, complexity of administration modalities (sequential dosing regimen, etc.) and patient profile. Treatment analysis should be planned in several phases: active search for information about the patient`s medications, combined with drug evaluation; perform a drug comparison with an associated pharmaceutical analysis; information about the prescribing physician; and the patient with traceability in his personalized health plan.

The active search for information on the treatment or its modification is based on consultation of the drug file, the follow-up of dispensing by the community pharmacy, a targeted interview with the patient and the prescription that generates the dispensation. [30,31] The objectives of pharmaceutical consultations in oncology are as follows: The pharmaceutical consultation action is recorded, measured, monitored and added to the progress report of the pharmacy and the hospital. Fourteen directives were issued and instruments were proposed for the hospital pharmacist community. Although the initial pharmaceutical consultation should preferably take place face-to-face with the patient in order to maintain a relationship of trust, a pharmaceutical consultation can be conducted by telephone or remotely by digital means (e.g. web). Pharmaceutical oncology consultation is part of the multidisciplinary treatment process. The pharmacist in charge of the pharmaceutical consultation participates in the coordination of the pharmaceutical functioning of the community – the hospital. The flow of information should be multidisciplinary, secure and interactive.

Different “non-exhaustive” criteria are proposed here, without being classified in any order. The pharmaceutical consultation must be carried out on the basis of the organizational constraints specific to each center. The implementation of a drug comparison and the development of a personalized drug strategy are among the main objectives of a pharmaceutical consultation in oncology. Multidisciplinarity is defined by the involvement of an oncology specialist, a hospital pharmacist specializing in oncology and other health professionals in the hospital and/or community sector. While some oral therapies must be dispensed from the hospital pharmacy for outpatients, the dispensing process is an opportunity to conduct pharmaceutical consultations. The use of special status and innovative medicines (e.g. hospital early access programme, clinical trials, etc.) may be a reason for the pharmaceutical consultation process within the hospital pharmacy. In the event of an unusual tolerability profile, an identified interaction (without possible substitution), a stoma or a situation that may be considered relevant by the pharmacist performing the pharmaceutical consultation, plasma levels with therapeutic pharmacovigilance should be provided as an option for the physician. [36–38] These guidelines only concern pharmaceutical consultations and their relationship to pharmaceutical interviews. Therapeutic patient education (TPE) is not covered by these guidelines. For this reason, PAHO recommends selected pharmaceutical consultations (e.g., to get a clear picture of the patient`s profile, type of medication, initial prescription, etc.).

Since 2012, pharmaceutical interviews have been one of the new obligations of pharmacists in France. The implementation modalities are defined (e.g. Processing, duration, frequency and content). [14] In oncology, conducting pharmaceutical interviews is complicated by the variety of oral therapies available and the low frequency of their administration. To assist pharmacist oncologists, PAHO offers various tools (Supplemental Digital Content 1, templates for the initial pharmaceutical consultation; Additional digital content 2, for subsequent pharmaceutical consultation,; Complementary digital content 3 for the initial pharmacy consultation report,; Additional digital content 4 for the follow-up pharmacy consultation report,; and additional digital content 5, for the report to be used by the pharmacist and treating physician Pharmaceutical consultations are part of the multidisciplinary community/hospital treatment of patients treated orally associated with hospital and community health professionals and in particular the dispensing pharmacist. [11–13] It is preferable that a pharmaceutical analysis be carried out for all treatments before the introduction of a therapeutic agent. The practice of pharmaceutical counselling could be heterogeneous between regions and/or hospital structures and required a common organisational basis.

The representations of the cryptocurrencies Bitcoin, Ethereum, DogeCoin, Ripple, Litecoin are placed on the motherboard of the PC in this figure from June 29, 2021. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration Russia recently signed a new cryptocurrency law that, although on the verge of banning cryptocurrencies before, still imposes strict restrictions on its use as a monetary currency. This followed an earlier regulatory filing that essentially described all cryptocurrency-related activities as criminal and put them through the lens of anti-money laundering regulations. Moscow has announced plans to establish a central bank digital currency, but until recently it advised against using private cryptocurrencies. As of January 1, 2021, cryptocurrencies will be allowed in Russia, although they cannot be used in exchange for goods or services. There may be more regulation in the next few sessions, but from now on, it seems that Russians can mine cryptocurrencies, exchange cryptocurrencies for other cryptocurrencies, and own cryptocurrencies without any legal problems – as long as they don`t spend them on other goods and services within the national economy. Manturov was asked at a forum if he believed cryptocurrencies would become legal as a means of payment. In addition, natural and legal persons authorized to use digital currencies are required to inform the tax authorities of such a right, the turnover of their accounts and balances in cases where the amount of transactions exceeds the equivalent of 600,000 rubles (about 7,800 US dollars) in a calendar year. Failure to inform the authorities will be punishable by a fine of 50,000 rubles (about 670 US dollars). Failure to provide data on cryptocurrency transactions and non-payment of taxes on transactions processed with digital currency will be punishable by a fine of 40% of unpaid taxes. (Art. 129, § 5 para.

8) Russian banks will be allowed to open cryptocurrency exchanges under the supervision of the central bank – and new digital currencies will be able to be issued, but only again, under the control of the central bank. This represents a more liberal stance than some had predicted would be an almost complete ban on cryptocurrency activities in Russia, and shows a more pragmatic stance towards cryptocurrencies and their introduction in Russia. Other central bank officials said last year that they see no place for cryptocurrencies in the Russian financial market, citing threats to financial stability posed by the growing number of crypto transactions. Since January 1 of last year, cryptocurrencies are legal in Russia, but cannot be used to buy goods or services. May 18 (Reuters) – Russia will sooner or later legalize cryptocurrencies as a means of payment, Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov said on Wednesday, hinting that the government and central bank could move closer to settling their differences. After severe sanctions imposed on Russia after its invasion of Ukraine, Reuters reported in May that the Russian central bank intended to allow the use of cryptocurrencies for international payments as part of global trade. Russia intends to issue its own digital ruble, but the government has only recently supported the use of private cryptocurrencies after arguing for years that they could be used in money laundering or to fund terrorism. Among other things, the law has defined digital currency as a digital code used as a means of payment and as a savings instrument (an investment). (Art.

3.) However, residents of the Russian Federation are not allowed to receive digital currencies as a means of payment for goods, work or services. (Art. 14, § 5.) In addition, the law prohibits the dissemination of information on possible settlements in digital currencies; Offer and accept digital currency as a means of payment for goods, work performed or services transferred; or with another payment method in digital currency. According to the law, the digital currency is not legal tender for payments in Russia, and the Russian ruble remains the only official currency unit. (Art. 14, § 7.) In this way, Russia`s digital tools allow a total state of surveillance of digital activity. The new cryptocurrency regulation borrows from a similar approach – a strong centralized government institution (in this case, the Bank of Russia) through which all transactions flow, and a reluctant acceptance of the pragmatic reality that many Russian citizens have embraced and used cryptocurrencies, from the dramatic rise of IcOs hosted in Russia to the Russia-based social media network VK. who is considering his own cryptocurrency. Exchanges should also inform users of the risks associated with investing in crypto.

Investors should pass online tests to ensure that they have sufficient knowledge of cryptocurrencies and the associated risks. Those who pass the test can invest up to 600,000 rubles per year in cryptography; Those who do not are limited to 50,000 rubles. Qualified investors have no limits. However, the governor of the central bank, Elvira Nabiullina, said that the bank could not welcome investments in cryptocurrencies, which represent transactions worth about $5 billion a year by the Russians, and proposed to ban trade and mining. Manturov said that regulations for the use of cryptocurrencies will be formulated mainly by the central bank and then by the government. While the use of cryptocurrencies and crypto tokens has increased in the country, the Government of the Russian Federation has held discussions on how to legally define these products, integrate them into the legal system and establish the procedures for their taxation. On July 31, 2020, the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin signed Federal Law No. 259-FZ on Digital Financial Assets and Digital Currencies. This law governs relations with the issuance, registration and distribution of digital financial assets (DFAs). (Federal Law No. 259-FZ, Art. 1, §§ 1, 2 & 3.) The bill treats crypto as an investment tool, not as legal tender, and states that cryptocurrencies cannot be used to pay for goods and services.

It also specifies the requirements for cryptocurrency exchanges and OTC offices that must meet certain criteria in order to obtain a license and be included in a dedicated government registry. Foreign crypto exchanges must register legal entities in Russia in order to provide services in the country. The Russian Ministry of Finance is continuing its plan to regulate cryptocurrencies in the country and has submitted a draft law to Parliament. According to a press release issued on Monday, the bill was introduced on February 18. and is based on the previously approved roadmap designed by several government agencies, including key law enforcement agencies. In many ways, the history of cryptocurrencies follows some of Telegram`s themes overcoming censorship through popular adoption. Eventually, government officials began using Telegram to transmit messages themselves, and while Roscomnadzor set up several IP blocks, Telegram engineers worked day and night to ensure that security, privacy, and availability were as guaranteed as possible in the given circumstances.