For example, a legal representative may need to obtain the owner`s signature before selling business assets, or they may need written authorization to make bank transfers of more than $5,000 per day. It follows that legal representation is not a one-way street. While the actions of the legal representative are binding on the represented company, the legal representative may be held liable for the company`s illegal administrative acts. The appointment of a legal representative must therefore be based on trust, care and communication. Therefore, this should not be taken lightly by all parties involved. We believe our parent needs legal representation for help with financial management, personal information and health inquiries. Nevertheless, we have encountered cases where the legal representative acted without the prior consent of the shareholders and carried out actions such as selling company assets, signing contracts without authorization and/or granting company funds to support friends and/or family. Are you thinking of starting a business in Spain but don`t really know where to start? Have you heard about the role of a legal representative? Read on to find out what they do and how they can help you. This legal representative can be a natural or legal person (known as persona jurídica) and usually fulfills one of the following roles: Our article explains everything you need to know about the role of a legal representative of a company.
As mentioned at the beginning of this article, the designated legal representative for your company in Spain can be a legal entity such as a company or a commercial company. In such cases, a person should be appointed as the representative of that legal person, in accordance with Article 143 of the Spanish Commercial Registry Code and Article 212a of the Companies Code. Here are some of the legal obligations to represent the company: There are other legal cases in which legal representatives are directly liable (there is automatic liability): Directors are liable for the obligations of the company if they do not hold a general meeting of shareholders within two months of the date of dissolution of the company (for example, due to losses that reduce net assets to less than half of the share capital) convene. increase the share capital or dissolve the company or if they do not apply for the judicial dissolution of the company or its bankruptcy within two months from the scheduled date of the meeting, if the meeting has not taken place, or from the date of the meeting if the resolution is directed against the dissolution of the company. With our legal representation and tax representation service, you can be sure that you will be able to comply with Spanish legal requirements and become operational in Spain as soon as possible. Any company registered in Spain must have a legal representative, i.e. a person acting on behalf of the company in the exercise of his functions and powers in accordance with the law and the company`s articles of association. A legal representative facilitates the purchase and sale in our country for companies that are not currently based in Spain. Only a national or foreign citizen who has a NIE (Alien Identification Number) may be designated as the legal representative. However, being a legal representative does not mean only that.
A legal representative is also responsible for the consequences of the company`s actions. This means that the work involves a significant risk. For example, if the company does not pay taxes in Spain, this may result in criminal or civil penalties against the legal representative. In civil proceedings against the company, the legal representative must appear before the court. A legal representative is a person authorized to act on behalf of another person. He protects the interests of his clients and is responsible for making decisions when his protégés are unable to do so. Although a person in this position is sometimes a lawyer, this is not necessary, although a lawyer is necessary to determine a person`s status as a legal representative. “Legal representative”. Merriam-Webster.com Legal Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/legal/legal%20representative. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
In principle, legal representatives are liable for damage caused by acts or omissions contrary to the law or the statutes or for the violation of duties arising from their office, provided that there is intent or fault. The selection of an appropriate and qualified legal representative, with such extensive powers and potentially unlimited liability, is therefore extremely important. Since the legal representative acts as the “face” of the company before all Spanish authorities, liability is not limited to tax matters. From a legal point of view, the legal representative is also responsible for labour and social security matters as well as compliance with municipal obligations, such as business license.